Welsummer chickens: Everything you need to know

Welsummer chickens are a breed of domesticated poultry that originated in the Netherlands. They are popular among backyard chicken keepers due to their friendly personalities, beautiful brown eggs, and unique appearance.

In this article, we will explore everything you need to know about Welsummer chickens, including their breed characteristics, health and care, and breeding and incubation.

Breed Characteristics

welsummer chicken - Breed Characteristics

Welsummer chickens are known for their distinctive appearance, which includes a vibrant reddish-brown plumage with black and gold markings.

They are medium-sized birds, weighing between 6 and 7 pounds, with a sturdy build and strong legs. Welsummers are friendly, docile birds that are easy to handle, making them a great choice for families with children.

They are also known for their egg-laying capabilities, with hens producing up to 200 eggs per year.

In addition to their standard variety, Welsummer chickens come in several other varieties, including silver, partridge, and bantam.

The bantam variety is smaller than the standard Welsummer, making it a good choice for those with limited space.

If you’re interested in adding Welsummer chickens to your backyard flock, there are several places to find them for sale, including hatcheries, online marketplaces, and local breeders.

Health and Care

Proper care is essential for keeping your Welsummer chickens healthy and happy.

Housing should be spacious, dry, and well-ventilated, with a secure area for roosting at night.

It’s also important to provide a balanced diet that includes high-quality feed and plenty of fresh water. Welsummer chickens are prone to several health issues, including mites and lice, respiratory infections, and egg-binding.

Regular health checks and preventative measures, such as vaccinations and parasite control, can help keep your flock healthy.

Welsummer chickens are relatively easy to care for, but they do require regular attention and maintenance.

For example, hens should be provided with nesting boxes filled with clean, dry bedding material to encourage egg-laying. Roosters may require special care, such as regular grooming to prevent feather loss and behavioral training to prevent aggression.

Overall, providing a comfortable and healthy environment is essential for keeping your Welsummer flock happy and productive.

Breeding and Incubation

welsummer chick

Breeding Welsummer chickens can be a rewarding experience, but it requires careful planning and attention to detail. Welsummer hens typically start laying eggs at around six months of age, and pullets can be bred as early as eight months.

To successfully breed Welsummers, it’s important to select healthy, high-quality birds with desirable traits, such as good egg-laying capabilities and strong genetics.

Once you have selected your breeding stock, it’s time to begin incubating your eggs. Welsummer eggs have a unique color and shape, with a deep reddish-brown hue and speckled markings. Incubation typically takes around 21 days, and the chicks require specialized care, including a warm, dry brooder and a nutritious diet.

When the chicks are old enough, they can be integrated into the flock or sold to other backyard chicken keepers.

How long do Welsummer chickens typically live?

Welsummer chickens have an average lifespan of around 5-8 years, but with proper care, they can live even longer.

Providing a comfortable and healthy environment that includes regular health checks, a balanced diet, and preventative measures can help keep your flock happy and productive for many years.

Can Welsummer chickens be kept with other chicken breeds?

Yes, Welsummer chickens can be kept with other chicken breeds as long as they are introduced gradually and given enough space to establish a pecking order.

Welsummers are known for their friendly personalities and are generally easy to integrate into an existing flock. However, it’s important to keep an eye on the birds during the initial introduction period to ensure that there is no aggressive behavior.

Do Welsummer chickens require any special dietary needs?

Welsummer chickens require a balanced diet that includes high-quality feed and occasional treats.

It’s important to provide your flock with fresh water and a variety of feed to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients for healthy growth and egg production. You may also want to supplement their diet with additional protein during molting season to support feather growth.

Providing your Welsummer chickens with a balanced diet and clean environment can help prevent health issues and keep them healthy and productive.

How do I know if I am purchasing healthy Welsummer chicks?

When purchasing Welsummer chicks, it’s important to look for signs of health and vitality. Look for bright eyes, clean feathers, and alert behavior. The chicks should be active, moving around the brooder, and eating and drinking regularly.

Avoid purchasing chicks that appear lethargic, have drooping wings or tail feathers, or show signs of respiratory distress. It’s also important to purchase chicks from a reputable breeder or hatchery to ensure that you are getting healthy and genetically diverse birds.


In conclusion, Welsummer chickens are a popular breed among backyard chicken keepers due to their friendly personalities, beautiful brown eggs, and unique appearance. By understanding their breed characteristics, health and care needs, and breeding and incubation requirements, you can provide a comfortable and healthy environment for your flock. Whether you’re a seasoned chicken keeper or a beginner, adding Welsummer chickens to your backyard can be a fun and rewarding experience.

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